Fighter Group GC I/1

1st Squadron (Ex SPA 31)
2nd Squadron (Ex SPA 48)


Historical

At the end of the first conflict, after having stayed in the Lorraine region, SPA 31 joined, when it was established in Germany, the one that will become its "sister squadron", the SPA 48, thus linking their destinies.

Thus the SPA 31 will become in 1924, after several changes of designation, the 5 ° squadron of the 34 ° Mixed Aviation Regiment.

On July 1, 1932, born the Fighter Group I/1 from the 34 ° dissolved RAM. SPA 48 and SPA 31 will be attached to this group until it is dissolved in November 1942.

Equipped with Nieuport Delage NiD, 62 C1, GC I/1 began in 1933 a task that the group will pursue regularly until 1938, scientific work of high altitude weather surveys.
In December 1934, although reMayning in the Paris area the Group is transferred from Bourget to Villacoublay, and the following year, the provisions of the plan I of equipment of the forces being concretized, it is re equipped with Dewoitine 500.
The year 1936 sees the GC I / 1 take position on the field of Etampes-Mondésir may before abandoning his Dewoitine 500 for Dewoitine 510, the fastest French aircraft of the time, but which will be largely exceeded when the Group will be put on alert on August 24, 1939, before this one reaches its looseness ground located in Chantilly les Aigles.
Assigned to the 1st Air Force, in the No. 21 Fighter Group, the GC I / 1 is responsible for covering the capital. The "Funny of War" will be for the Group the opportunity to leave his old D510 for Bloch 152 and train all the pilots on his new aircraft.

On the date of the outbreak of the German attack of May 10, 1940, the GC I / 1 belongs to the Fighter Group No. 21 of the ZOAN (North Air Operations Area).

He joined Laon-Couvron to provide coverage and protection missions for reconnaissance aircraft. On June 14, reinforcements arrived at the Group, in this case eight Polish Pilots from the Polish Fighter Group 1/145 whose aircraft have just been declared unfit. Not knowing their new aircrafts, they will nevertheless begin their operational missions the next day after noon. It is finally on the ground of Agen that the GC I / 1 learns the signature of the Armistice. The Group is exhausted, its equipment in poor condition.

Under the armisitice, the flights will be limited to the strict minimum due to lack of fuel: the group flies less than 100 hours per month. Young pilots come to replace the pilots of the campaign of France. The only rejoicing for GC I / 1, the month of June 1942 sees the transformation of the Group on Dewoitine 520, the normal endowment being completed in October.

On the night of November 26, 1942, the airfield of Lyon-Bron is invaded by the German forces, and under the pressure of the occupant, GC I / 1 is officially dissolved on December 1, 1942.


Staff

Commanders of the group GC I/1
Commander PALLIER
End of 1937
April 10, 1940
Commander AMOUROUX
April 11, 1940
April 24, 1940
Captain ROQUES Jacques
April 24, 1940
April 29, 1940
Commander SOVICHE
April 29, 1940
July 14, 1941
Captain GARDE Georges
July 15, 1941
??
Commander MICHY
??
November 27, 1942
 
Commanders of the 1st Squadron
Captain COUTAUD Germain
September 1, 1939
August 2, 1940
Lieutenant DE PINS
August 3, 1940
August 18, 1940
Captain BOUVARRE Pierre
August 19, 1940
October 14, 1940
 
Lieutenant SCHMIDT Jean
October 15, 1940
December 30, 1940
Captain VIOLET
December 31, 1940
June 22, 1941
 
Lieutenant RENAUD
June 22, 1941
November 27, 1942
 
Commanders of the 2nd Squadron
Captain GARDE Georges
September 1, 1939
July 14, 1941


Pilots

Pilots of Group
Names of pilots
Rank
Squadron
Victories
Informations
Photo
Indiv. Card
Sure
Prob.
AMOUROUX Commander
Staff Groupe
Moved on April 24, 1940 in the USA
 
BARDET Joseph Sub-Lieutenant
1st Sqn
Moved December 13, 1939 to GCII / 9
BARITEL Pierre Chief Warrant Officer
   
BOUVARRE Pierre Captain
Staff 1st Sqn.
   
CALMON Robert Captain
1st Sqn
Released May 16 at GC I / 8 (Commander 2nd Sqn)    
COADER Louis Staff-Sergeant
1st Sqn
2
2
Killed in aerial combat on May 20, 1940.
COUTEAUD Germain Captain
Staff 1st Sqn.
6
2
DELEGAY Robert Chief Warrant Officer
  2nd Sqn.
3
1
   
DE-PINS Gérard Sub-Lieutenant
Staff 1st Sqn.
1
Assigned to the Group on the 11 Juny 1940
DETROYAT Lieutenant
1st Sqn.
Moved October 31, 1939 to STAé    
DUBOST Albert Sergeant
  2nd Sqn.
3
1
   
FARGUE Sergeant
FIALA Rudolf Sergeant
1st Sqn.
2
Czech pilot assigned on March 8, 1940. Wounded in aerial combat on May 26, 1940    
GARDE Georges Captain
Staff Groupe
5
1
HAMARD Sergeant
1st Sqn
HONORAT Staff-Sergeant
   
JODA Antoni Corporal -Chef
1st Sqn.
Polish Pilot assigned on 14 Juny 1940
JULIEN Adjudant
  2nd Sqn.
   
KRAKORA Jan Corporal -Chef
  2nd Sqn.
Czech pilot assigned on December 31, 1939. Accidentally killed on April 23, 1940    
KRAL Jiri Lieutenant
  2nd Sqn.
1
Czech pilot assigned on December 31, 1939, killed in air combat on June 8, 1940.    
KUNTZEL Staff-Sergeant
  2nd Sqn.
Transferred to the CIC of Montpellier in February 1940    
LABREUVEUX Lieutenant
1st Sqn.
Transferred to the CIC de Chartres on February 27, 1940    
LEGENTIL André Lieutenant
1st Sqn.
3
1
Assigned to the Group on December 6th, 1939. Seriously wounded in aerial combat on June 3rd 1940.    
LEMERRE Lieutenant
2nd Sqn.
Moved to school on October 15, 1939    
LEPROVOST Sergeant
1st Sqn.
2
   
LEVASSEUR Chief Warrant Officer
2nd Sqn.
Injured in aerial combat on May 12, 1940
MARECHAL Bernard Captain
1
1
Assigned 7 March 1940 to the group. Killed in aerial combat on June 3, 1940.
MARKIEWICZ Antoni Staff-Sergeant
  2nd Sqn.
1
Polish Pilot assigned on 14 Juny 1940
MICHEL Lieutenant
2nd Sqn.
MICHY Commandant
Staff Groupe
   
MINFROY Sub-Lieutenant
2nd Sqn.
   
MONCHANIN Jean Chief Warrant Officer
1st Sqn.
1
   
MOREL Staff-Sergeant
2nd Sqn.
NOVACEK Cyril

Captain

1st Sqn.
Czech pilot assigned on 8 March 1940, wounded in aerial combat on 9 Juny 1940    
OZANNE Lieutenant
Affected on March 6, he is transferred on April 15 to GC III / 10
PALLIER Gabriel Commander
Staff Groupe
Moved on April 14, 1940 to the School of Air
PARAFINSKI Mieczyslaw Sergeant
  2nd Sqn.
Polish Pilot assigned on 14 Juny 1940
PARISSE Sergeant
1st Sqn.
Muted September 30 at Versailles    
PEBREL Georges Sub-Lieutenant
2nd Sqn.
2
Reserve Officer: joined the Group on August 25, 1939    
PERAUD Lieutenant
1st Sqn.
   
PIPA Joseph

Captain

1st Sqn.
1
1
Czech pilot assigned on March 8, 1940
POSTOLKA Jindrich Corporal -Chef
  2nd Sqn.
1
Czech Pilot assigned on December 31, 1939    
RENAUD Lieutenant
Staff 1° Sqn.
   
ROQUES Jacques Captain
Staff Groupe
 
ROSSIGNEUX Jean Lieutenant
1st Sqn.
1
1
SCHMIDT Jean Lieutenant
Staff 1stSqn.
1
1
SKIBINSKI Bronislaw Lieutenant
1st Sqn.
Polish Pilot assigned on 14 Juny 1940
SOVICHE Commander
Staff Groupe
STARKE Robert Sergeant
  2nd Sqn.
5
Killed by accident on June 19 1940.
SZEMPLINSKI Lucjan Staff-Sergeant
1st Sqn.
Polish Pilot assigned on 14 Juny 1940
TAIN Sergeant
1st Sqn.
1
he is transferred on May 16 to GC II / 9    
TEILLET Roger Staff-Sergeant
1st Sqn.
7
1
TREBOD Pierre Lieutenant
1st Sqn.
Assigned 20 April to the group. Killed in aerial combat on June 3, 1940.
VEROTS Auguste Adjudant
1st Sqn.
1
1
 
VIOLET Captain
Staff 1st Sqn.
   
WCZELIK Antoni Captain
  2nd Sqn.
1
Polish Pilot assigned on 14 Juny 1940
ZANIEWSKI Piotr Sergeant
1st Sqn.
Polish Pilot assigned on 14 Juny 1940
ZUKOWSKI Aleksy Lieutenant
1st Sqn.
Polish Pilot assigned on 14 Juny 1940

 


Airfields

Airfields
Period of use of airfields
Names
County
CHANTILLY LES AIGLES
60 - Oise
August 27, 1939
MARSEILLE MARIGNANE
13 - Bouches du Rhône
January 1, 1940
BEAUVAIS-TILLE
60 - Oise
February 21, 1940
CHANTILLY LES AIGLES
60 - Oise
March 2, 1940
CHAVENAY VILLEPREUX
78 - Yvelines
June 6, 1940
ETAMPES-MONTDESIR
91 - Essone
June 10, 1940
CHATEAUROUX LES VIGNOTS
36 - Indre
June 13, 1940
ROCHEFORT
17 - Charente Maritime
June 17, 1940
ROYAN MEDIS
17 - Charente Maritime
June 19, 1940
CAZAUX
33 - Gironde
June 21, 1940
AGEN SAINTE SIXTE
47 - Lot et Garonne
June 23, 1940
LYON BRON
69 - Rhône
August 14, 1940

Click on the map to enlarge :

Itinerary of the GC I/1

 


Aircrafts

The GC I/1 was equipped since its creation in July, 1932, following aircrafts:

The used aircrafts are dSqnribed in the accessible file by the link below. You will find N ° of series, Registration, date of affectation to the group, and fate of the plane there.

In this list are identified :

  • 1 Nieuport-Delage NiD62
  • 2 Dewoitine D500
  • 2 Dewoitine D501
  • 4 Dewoitine D510
  • 4 Bloch MB151
  • 91 Bloch MB152
  • 2 Bloch MB155
  • 28 Dewoitine D520

Records

1/2 or 1/3 of victories were obtained in association with another Group.

Confirmed Victories
22
Messerschmitt BF110
6
Messerschmitt BF109
6
Henschel Hs 126
4
Dornier Do 17
5.5
Heinkel He111
0.5
Likely Victoires
6
Messerschmitt BF110
2
Dornier Do 215
3
Dornier Do 17
1

 


Casualties

Killed Pilots
6
Corporal -Chef KRAKORA (Accident)
April 23, 1940
Staff-Sergeant COADER (Combat)
May 20, 1940
Lieutenant TREBOD (Combat)
June 3, 1940
Captain MARECHAL (Combat)
June 3, 1940
Lieutenant KRAL (Combat)
June 8, 1940
Staff-Sergeant STARKE (Accident)
June 20, 1940
Wounded Pilots
8
Sergeant HAMARD (Accident)
December 20, 1939
Chief Warrant Officer LEVASSEUR (Combat)
May 12, 1940
Chief Warrant Officer MONCHANIN (Accident)
May 17, 1940
Lieutenant SCHMIDT (Combat)
May 21, 1940
Staff-Sergeant MOREL (Combat)
May 21, 1940
Sergeant FIALA (Combat)
May 26, 1940
Lieutenant LEGENTIL (Combat)
June 3, 1940
Captain NOVACEK (Combat)
June 9, 1940

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