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DEWOITINE D338

 


Technical Specifications
Type
Civil transport three-engined aircraft with low wings and fixed landing gear
Date first flight
1936
Wingspan
29,38 m 
Lenght
22,13
Height
5,57 m 
Wing Area
99 m2 
Empty Weight
7905 Kg 
Max. Takeoff Weight
11150 Kg 
Cruising Speed
260 km/h. 
Maximum Speed
310 km/h
Climbing Speed
4000m in 30mn 34s 
Service ceilling
4900m 
Range
2060 kms
Crew
4 men
Motorization
3 Radial Engines Hispano-Suiza 9V17 of 650ch each
Armament
22 Passengers

 


Production

31 Dewoitine D338 have been built for Air France since the date of the first flight in 1936.

To date, of the 31 aircrafts manufactured , 31 are listed in the list below :


Historical

In 1934, Compagnie Aérienne SABENA (Société Anonyme Belge d'Exploitation de la Navigation Aérienne), ordered from the Dewoitine Company, an aircraft for its airlines in the Congo. Dewoitine responds with what should have been the D335B, which is an enlarged version of the D332. But following the accident of the latter in January 1934, the design of the new aircraft is reviewed: the structural strength of the aircraft is strengthened, and it becomes the D338. This redesign, however, led to significant delays for the project, and SABENA canceled its order. The assembly of the prototype is however too advanced for Dewoitine to abandon it, and the construction continues on private bottom with the hope to interest other airlines like Air France

The aircraft is an all-metal, low-wing, partially retractable monoplane: Wheels exceed nacelles to protect the cell in case of landing brought in train. It is powered by 3 9-cylinder, 9-cylinder, 650-hp Hispano-Suiza 9V air-cooled engines on take-off, with in variable pitch, two-blade metal propellers. The fuselage is of rectangular section allowing to accueuillir 3 passengers in front. The crew consists of 3 people, two pilots, and a radio, with the addition of a mechanic for long haul trips. The total number of passengers varies according to flights: 22 passengers for European flights, 15 on Toulouse-Dakar routes, and 8 to 12 passengers on Far East routes (2000 kms). The unit had a certain comfort with a good soundproofing and efficient heating.

The prototype, registered F-AOZA and nicknamed "Clémence Isaure", made its first flight on August 9, 1935. Soon, problems of longitudinal instability appear and different aerodynamic configurations are tested in the wind tunnel before finding a compromise, the main modifications concerning empennages and wing fittings.

As Dewoitine hoped, Air France was indeed interested in the aircraft and first bought the prototype in May 1936, before placing several orders for another 28 D338s. The last copy delivered was the F-ARIH, "city of Karachi", taken into account by Air France on July 18, 1939. The Air Force also ordered 10 aircraft, but only two aircraft will be delivered (Registration Nr. 244 and R-245). A total of 31 D 338 were built, including the prototype.

The prototype made the first commercial laison on the Paris-Lyon-Marseille line on July 13, 1936. At the end of 1937, Air France had 4 Dewoitine D338 and 16 at the end of August 1938.

In January 1938, the D.338 No. 1 F-AQBA opened the France-Indochina link with a Marseilles-Hanoi flight, extended in August to Hong Kong by the D.338 No. 6 F-AQBF.

At the end of 1938, a Tunis, Tripoli, Benghazi, Cairo, Lydda and Beirut link was set up. In the summer of 1939, 9 D.338 will provide a weekly liaison.
These first flights confirmed the lack of longitudinal stability, this defect being mainly related to the flat rectangular section of the fuselage. The D.338 # 11 F-AQBK received 2 small fins on the extrados of the fixed stabilizer and the fins are reinforced. These evolutions will be integrated on the following aircraft.

In March 1939, the D-338 No. 18 F-AQBR and No. 20 F-AQBT went to Argentina to replace the D.333 No. 1 F-ANQB "Cassiopée" and No. 2 F-ANQC "Altaïr" assigned on the Natal-Buenos Aires line. At the Armistice, the Argentine authorities, pushed by the United States, seize the D.333 and D.338 which are stored on the spot. The two D.338 will be sold at the end of 1943 to the Air Force Argentina, and under the numbers the numbers T-170 and T-171, they integrate the 2nd Transport Regiment, based in El Palomar, near Buenos Aires. . They will remain in service probably until 1946, 1947.

At the declaration of war, the Air Force requisitioned a dozen D.338 Air France, to equip 5 Sections Long-Haul Airplane (SALC), each section is composed of 3 devices. lack of practical use, many of them will quickly resume their commercial flights. After the Armistice, the Germans allowed Air France to continue its commercial flights; From May to July 1941, during the Syria campaign against the Allied forces, 18 D 338 of Air France, with their civilian crews are again requisitioned by the Vichy Air Force to reinforce the WG II / 15 (Transport Group). They will establish an air bridge between Metropolitan France and Syria, to transport men and equipment day and night. Three D.338s will be destroyed by Allied air strikes, and three more will be seized by the Free French Air Force.
On February 1, 1943, Lufthansa signed a lease agreement covering 8 D-338. The Germans, skeptical about the flying qualities of Dewoitine 338, wanted to perform performance flights. It is the No. 13 D-AYWT (then D-AUAN by Lufthansa) which is conveyed to Berlin on April 14, 1943 to be presented in flight. The French pilots make an unconvincing demonstration on May 29, 1943 to dissuade the Germans from using Dewoitine. Air France will never recover its aircrafts.


Versions

Dewoitine D338 was built for Air France only in one version.

 


Bibliography

Éditions Lariviére :
- Les N°235; 236 de la revue : Fanatique de l'aviation

 


Photos Album

 


Drawing 3 views

Links to WebSite
"Naval Aviation"