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CAUDRON C445 GOELAND

 


Technical Specifications
Type
Twin-engine plane of Civil Transport with low wings and retractable landing gear
Date first flight
1935
Wingspan
17,60 m 
Lenght
13,8 m 
Height
3,40 m 
Wing Area
42 m2 
Empty Weight
2300 Kg 
Max. Takeoff Weight
3500 Kg 
Cruising Speed
260 km/h. 
Maximum Speed
300 km/h 
Climbing Speed
Service ceilling
7000m 
Range
1000 kms 
Crew
2 men
Motorization
2 Engines Renault 6Q-08 of 220ch each
Armament
Capacity : 6 passengers

 


Production

Nearly 1500 Caudron Goeland were built since the date of the first flight in March 1935.

Only the militarized version, C445M is present in the list below. To date, of the 404 C445M manufactured, 30 are listed :


Historical

The Caudron Goeland was designed in 1934 by Marcel Riffard, father of the brand's racing aircraft. The aircraft is offered as a civil transport aircraft capable of carrying 6 passengers. The Goeland is a twin-engine cantilever low-wing construction of mixed construction: wood for the wing and fuselage, and steel for the top and the back of the fuselage. The wing is equipped with flaps along the entire length of the trailing edge, including under the fuselage. The aircraft has a retractable landing gear in the engine nacelles and is powered by two Renault Bengali-Six 180 hp. Both pilots have a dual control and are installed side by side in the cockpit, separated from the passenger cabin by a door. Luggage takes place in the nose of the aircraft through a side door and at the rear of the fuselage, where you can also find toilets.

The prototype C.440 n°1 makes its first flight on March 5, 1935 with Raymond Delmotte at the controls. The aircraft, registered F-ANKV is then transferred to Istres to carry out the official tests. The C.440 will be available in many versions (C441 to C449) throughout his career, and nearly 1500 aircrafts will be manufactured. As expected, the aircraft interested airlines such as Air France, Air Bleu or Air Afrique who used the aircraft on internal lines and in AFN. Some copies, ceded by Air France, will even be used by the Spanish Republicans. The Caudron Goeland also enjoyed a certain success in export, in Yugoslavia which buys two copies for its national company "Aeroput", in Argentina, Bulgaria, Spain or for the Belgian Air Force.

The French Air Force commands the Caudron St a militarized version, the C.445M able to carry either passengers or cargo. The aircraft will also be used in flying schools or as a sanitary appliance with version C.447, which can carry 4 stretchers. The Naval Aviation will use about sixty copies for liaison and training.

After the Armistice, the Germans seized about fifty "Goeland" that will be used as a training aircraft or transferred to Lufthansa. Some copies will be handed over to the Slovak Air Force in 1942.

During the occupation, the Germans allow the firm Caudron to resume the manufacture of Goeland and nearly 700 machines will be manufactured in the Renault plant in Boulogne-Billancourt. These aircraft will be used by the Vichy Air Force and the Luftwaffe to equip its flying schools.

After the release, Caudron-Renault is absorbed by Société Nationale de Constructions Aéronautiques du Nord (SNCAN), and the production of Goeland resumes in the plant of Issy-les-Moulineaux in version C.449: 325 copies will be manufactured until the early 1950s, and used in particular by Air France, or the Air Force which used the aircraft until 1956.

With nearly 1,500 devices manufactured, the Caudron Goeland was unquestionably a great commercial success.


Versions

Version
Qty
Descriptive
C.440
3
Prototype, 3 copies
C.441
4
Engines Renault 6Q-01 220 hp, A minor wing change included a 3 ° dihedral on the outer wing sections
C.444
17
Version powered by Renault 6Q-00 and 6Q-01 driving propellers rotating in opposite directions to counter the effect of torque.
C.445
114
Wing modified, the outer part of the wing being provided with a positive dihedral..
C.445/1
2
C.445/2
3
C.445/3
510
Main post-war versions, powered by Renault 6Q-10 and 6Q-11
C.445/M
404
Militarized version equipped with a modular cabin to carry passengers or goods
C.445/R
1
The C.445R was a long-range version of the C-445 with the addition of fuel tanks in the passenger cabin.
C.446
1
Unique model called "Super Goeland"
C.447
31
Evacuation version able to carry 4 stretchers and a nurse
C.448
7
Motorized version by two Renault 6Q-02 and 03 of 240 hp supercharged by compressors. . Take-off weight increases to 3700kg.
C.449
349
Ultimate version produced, 349 copies. It is also divided into variants, the C.449 / 1 (built alone to 295 copies) to / 5. C.449 / 4 was intended for aerial mapping


Bibliography

1 ) _ Collection Profil et Avions
- "Le Caudron Goeland"

 

2) _ Editions DOCAVIA
- N° 43 : "Les Avions CAUDRON RENAULT"

 

 

3 ) _ Collection Histoire de l'Aviation
- N°12 : "Les Avions Caudron" Tome 2

 

 

 

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