CAUDRON C400 Phalène

 


Technical Specifications
Type
Monoplane with high wing and fixed landing gear
Date first flight
March 1932
Wingspan
11.62 m
Lenght
8.46 m
Height
2.20 m
Wing Area
23.20 m²
Empty Weight
590 kg
Max. Takeoff Weight
950 kg
Cruising Speed
155 km/h
Maximum Speed
185 km/h
Climbing Speed
1000 m in 8 mn
Service ceilling
4250 m
Range
650 km
Crew
1 Pilot
Motorization
1 Engine Renault 4Pdi Bengali 4 cyl. in line of 120 Hp
Armament
3 Passengers

 


Production

More than 250 Caudron Phalène were built under the different versions. Only 40 C.400 Moth, military version are listed here.

To date, of the 40 aircrafts manufactured, 1 are listed in the list below :


Historical

The Caudron C.280 Phalène was designed in 1930, by Paul Deville, talented engineer to whom we also owe the Caudron Luciole. Caudron Phalène is a monoplan touring machine with high wing and fixed landing gear. It is equipped with low pressure tires and shock absorbers, which allowed it to run on country fields. The wings can be folded along the fuselage to facilitate the storage of the Caudron in the hangars. The aircraft can carry 3 passengers: the pilot and a passenger, side by side in front and the third in the center behind them. Luggage takes place in a compartment at the rear of the fuselage, and access to the device is via a door on each side of the aircraft. Note a feature of the device: its handle is suspended from the ceiling ... The construction of the device is mainly using wood, the back of the fuselage and the wings are covered.

The prototype made its first flight in March 1932 with Raymond Delmotte at the helm, and quickly enjoyed a certain success in France and abroad, thanks to the many raids organized for its promotion. The Caudron Phalène was declined in many versions during the six years of production. These variations are differentiated by the engine, the length of the fuselage, the layout, the number of passengers ... We find the aircraft in many Aeroclubs.

The French Air Force also commanded Caudron Phalene in militarized versions: the C.400 and C.410. They were used as binding devices or for training.

In total, more than 250 Caudron Phalène were produced.


Versions

Version
Qty
Descriptive
C.280
5
Prototype powered by a 4 cyl online De Havilland Gipsy II
C.280/2
21
Tourism version for the transport of 4 passengers powered by a Renault 4Pdi of 145hp
C.280/6
1
Salmon version of rounded wings
C.280/9
3
Extended fuselage version of 20cm
C.282 Super, Phalène
11
Version powered by a De Havilland Gipsy Major of 120 hp.
C.280/4
9
Version equipped with double controls and shutters
C.282/8
89
Version produced in large series, powered by a renault 4Pdi 120 hp.
C.282/10
?
Motorized version by a Merville 601
C.286
11
Version powered by a De Havilland Gipsy III
C.286/2
10
Salmon version of rounded wings
C.286/2 S' et C.286/3 S4'
10
More luxurious version powered by a De Havilland Gipsy Major I of 145 hp.
C.282/4 Super Phalène
5
C.286/5 Super Phalène
1
Version powered by a De Havilland Gipsy III
C.286/6 Super Phalène
5
Version powered by a De Havilland Gipsy Major, or a Merville 501
C.286/7 Super Phalène
8
Version equipped with a variable pitch Ratier propeller
C.286/8 Super Phalène
4
Extended version, powered by a De Havilland Gipsy Major
C.286/9 Super Phalène
1
Shortened version
C.289/2
5
Version powered by a Hispano-Suiza 5Q star 150cv.
C.400
40
Military version produced for the French Air Force powered by a Renault 4Pdi 120hp.
C.401
?
Some C401 were modified after the war for civilian use
C.410
11
Military version powered by a Renault 4Pei 140cv.

 


Bibliography

1 ) _ Collection Histoire de l'Aviation
- N°12 : "Les Avions Caudron" Tome 2

 

2) _ Editions DOCAVIA
- N° 43 : "Les Avions CAUDRON RENAULT"

 

 


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