Site in French

AMIOT 370F

 


Technical Specifications
Type
Twin-engine two-seater of Raid with low-wings and retractable landing gear
Date first flight
July 25, 1937
Wingspan
22,83
Lenght
14,50 m 
Height
4,08 m 
Wing Area
67,50 m2
Empty Weight
5000 Kg 
Max. Takeoff Weight
10300 Kg 
Cruising Speed
km/h. 
Maximum Speed
475 km/h at 5000m
Climbing Speed
Service ceilling
10000 m
Range
7000 kms
Crew
2 Men
Motorization
2 Engine Hispano Suiza 12Yjrs of 860 Hp each
Armament
Without Armament

 


Production

1 single copy of Amiot 370F was built since the first flight, on July 25, 1937, under registration F-AREU


Historical

Until 1934, the SECM-Avions Amiot (Company of stamping and mechanical constructions) designed aircraft such as Amiot 143, whose aerodynamics was not the main quality ... Amiot version 144 , although fitted with a retractable landing gear and extrados flap, remained of an ancient conception incompatible with modern air warfare.

The design office, headed by Jean Calvy, therefore began in 1934 the design of a modern twin-engine aircraft. The fuselage, free from protruding turrets detrimental to good aerodynamics, was of reduced and slender section, carried by a median wing, of trapezoidal shape. It has a retractable train. His model is unveiled to the public at the Salon de l'Aéronautique of 1934 under the designation "E7". The estimated performances announced by the manufacturer promised a maximum speed of 414 km / h, remarkable performances for the time.

This first test was followed by the Amiot 340 BR3 (Bombardement de représailles triplace) derived from the E7, then Amiot 341 B4 in response to "Plan 1" or "Plan of 1023" issued by the recent Ministry of Air . The new aircraft has a fuselage with a circular section of high purity. However, it was under the denomination of "long postal fast" that it was presented at the Salon de l'Aéronautique in September 1936, despite the presence of the hatches of the bomber bay under the fuselage fuselage of the aircraft. .. In 1937, the prototype Amiot 341 was transformed into a raid plane in order to participate in the Paris-New York race. This one was canceled, but the aircraft, which was completed, made its first flight on July 25, 1937 in Istres under the designation Amiot 370. This one is a twin-engine monoplane of two-seater raid with wing to cantilever, motorized by two Hispano-Suiza 12Yjrs / Ykrs 860 ch. It is made entirely of metal and has a very thin circular fuselage without a cockpit, the crew taking up a position in the front glass. It receives the F-AREU registration.

The aircraft, piloted by Maurice Rossi, seconded by his navigator André Vigoux, realized eleven speed records. On February 8, 1938, it flew at 437 km / h over 2000 kms without load and with load (500, 1000 and 2000 kg), thus breaking the international record. On June 8, 1938, he attacked the record speed over 5000 kms. He made a flight at 401 km / h with and without load (500 and 1000 kg), setting a new record.

On 15 and 16 August 1939, this time with Radio-navigator Esmond, he set a new record for the distance of 10000 kms with an average of 311 km / h (33 flight hours ...)

After the Armistice, the Vichy Government obtained authorization from the Germans to resume postal links to Madagascar and Djibouti under the colors of Air france. The Amiot 370 is modified to allow it to carry 1500 kg of mail or goods. It receives additional tanks and carries out a first linkage to Djibouti with stopover in Athens on 22 and 23 July 1941. It will carry out twelve missions until November 1942. One finds the apparatus stored in Toulouse at the Liberation. At the request of Maryse Hilz, he was transferred to Colombes to be rehabilitated and received the name of "Commandant ROSSI" for this occasion. Unfortunately, Maryse Hilz disappeared on 30 January 1946 at the controls of his Siebel 204 and Amiot 370 is sent to the breakage in 1947.

 


Versions

The Amiot 370 was produced in only one version.


Bibliography

Éditions Lariviére :
- Les N°41; 42; 43 de la revue : "Fanatique de l'aviation"

 

 


Photos Album

 


Drawing 3 views

Links to WebSite
"Naval Aviation"