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BLOCH MB160

 


Technical Specifications
Type
Transport Four-Engine with low-wings and retractable landing gear
Date first flight
June 18, 1937
Wingspan
27,40 m 
Lenght
25,78 m 
Height
5,0 m 
Wing Area
m2 
Empty Weight
9550 Kg 
Max. Takeoff Weight
15440 Kg 
Cruising Speed
km/h. 
Maximum Speed
355 km/h at 2800m 
Climbing Speed
Service ceilling
4900 m 
Range
2000 kms 
Crew
5 Men
Motorization
4 Engines Hispano-Suiza 12Xirs of 720ch each
Armament
Capacity 20 Seated passengers (short flights) or 8 coated passengers

 


Production

3 Bloch MB 160 were built after the prototype that made its first flight on June 18, 1937.

To date, out of the 3 aircraft manufactured , 3 are listed in the list below :


Historical

In 1936, the Air Afrique company wants to equip itself with a modern and safe apparatus, able to fly with a stopped engine. Henri Deplante, of the Bloch company, designs an aircraft, the MB160, extrapolated from the Bloch MB220. The new aircraft is a four-engine cantilever, low-wing, all-metal construction with a retractable train. It can carry up to twenty passengers on short flights or eight passengers lying on long haul flights. The crew consists of 5 men: two pilots, a radio, a mechanic and a steward. It is powered by four Hispano-Suiza 12Xvs in V of 720hp each driving three-bladed variable pitch propellers.

The prototype made its first flight on June 18, 1937, with André Curvale in command. Despite the few hours of flying, The aircraft is committed from August 20th, 1937 under the colors of the Air Force in the race Istres - Damascus - Paris and receives his racing number "F3" on the fuselage (see photos below). It is piloted by Colonel François. Of the 13 aircraft at the start, only 7 will join Paris and the Bloch MB160 finished ... 7th at the average of 273,443 km / h. That year, the Italians flying Savoia-Marchetti SM 79 crush their competitors by taking the first 3 places, with an average of 352.79km / h for the best of them.

It is probably these disappointing results that will push the Air Afrique company to lose interest in the new aircraft in favor of Loockheed 14, or 18. Another copy of Bloch MB160, the No. 1 F-AREO, was however built in 1939 And made his first flight on 23 June 1939, followed by No. 2 F-AREP.

At the outbreak of hostilities, the Air Force requisitioned many civilian aircraft including the 3 Bloch MB160. These, attached to the Air Transport Section, will carry out some missions before the end of the fighting. To the Armistice. The Prototype N ° 01 and the N ° 2 F-AREP are evacuated in AFN, while the N ° 1 F-AREO remains in Toulouse. This one will be used by the Vichy Government before being seized by the Germans and sent to Germany in June 1943. The 3 Bloch MB160 will disappear in the storm..

Air France, which wanted a larger aircraft than its Bloch MB220 (16 passengers), turned to the Bloch MB160, but the arrangements requested led Bloch to study a new device, the Bloch MB161. The prototype flew before the conflict, but the events did not allow its development and it was only after the war that the production could be launched under the designation Bloch MB161 Languedoc. Although totally different, the two devices are very similar visually, except the design of the empennage: mono-drift for the Bloch MB160 and bi-drift for the Bloch MB161.

 


Versions

The Bloch MB 160 was built in one version.


Bibliography

1) Éditions Lariviére :
- Les N°342; 343 de la revue : Fanatique de l'aviation

 

2 ) _ AFM n°7
- "Le Bloch 160"

 

 


Photos Album

 


Drawing 3 views

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