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FARMAN F222

 


Technical Specifications
Type
Bomber five-seater with top-wings and retractable landing gear
Date first flight
October 1937 (F222/2)
Wingspan
35.65m 
Lenght
22.57m 
Height
6.38 m 
Wing Area
184.60 m2 
Empty Weight
10475 Kg 
Max. Takeoff Weight
18675 Kg 
Cruising Speed
km/h. 
Maximum Speed
360 km/h at 4000m 
Climbing Speed
4000m in 13mn 30s 
Service ceilling
8000m 
Range
2200 kms with 2500 kg of bombs
Crew
5 Men
Motorization
4 Radial Engine Gnôme & Rhône 14 cyl air-cooled 14N 11/15 of 920 Hp at 4500m
Armament
3 machine-guns MAC 34 of 7.5mm in two manual turrets : front and dorsal, and one ventral turret
4200 kg of bombs

 


Production

49 Farman of the F 220 series have been built since the date of the first flight on May 26, 1932 (F220). They are divided into:

  • 1 Farman F220
  • 11 Farman F221
  • 1 Farman F222
  • 12 Farman F222/1
  • 24 Farman F222/2

To date, out of the 49 aircraft manufactured, 36 are listed in the list below :

 


Historical

The Farman F220 responds to a January 1930 contract for a BN5 (5-Seater Night Bomber). The aircraft is equipped with four opposing motors in pairs in nacelles. This prototype rejected by the Air Force becomes a long-haul mail known as "Centaur". An optimized version, better motorized, was proposed and accepted by the Air Force sevices under the designation of F221. This one is of entirely metallic construction, with high wing and fixed train. 11 aircraft of this type are produced in this version and delivered from November 1936 in units, as well as four aircraft modified to be delivered to Air France under the name of F2200.

The career of the F221 was relatively short, since by the end of 1935, a new version made its first flight: the F222. This corrects the main faults of the F221. The landing gear is retractable, and the ends of the wing are equipped with pronounced dihedral panels to improve lateral stability. This version will be delivered from April 1937. An ultimate version, the F222.2 is developed; It differs from the previous one only by its motorization with improved cooling. The last aircraft produced is manufactured in May 1938.

After the declaration of war, the Farman will be used firstly in missions of dropping leaflets on Germany and for some missions of bombing, of which a famous one will be the attack of the BMW factories in Munich, May 14, 1940 .

The total tonnage of dropped bombs is finally low (about 140 tons), and only two aircraft will be lost, one of which per accident. This balance sheet is proportional to the low rate of use of these machines during the conflict.

After the Armistice, most of the aircraft will be regrouped in North Africa and will equip the GT I / 15 Transport Group after the dissolution of the Bombardment Groups that used them.

 


Versions

Farman F 220

First unit of the series: it is made of a robust metal structure with a sheet metal coating. It is powered by 4 Hispano-Suiza 12 Lbr of 600hp. During the tests, the aircraft experienced major structural problems with a break of the rivets in full flight. Despite modifications to balance the fins, the aircraft is ultimately rejected by the Technical Services as a Bombardier. He became F220-A and then F220-B and registered F-ANLG, he later knew a commercial career at the request of Air France. For this, it is equipped with additional tanks in place of the bomb launchers. Under the nickname of "The Centaur", it will make many crossings of the Atlantic.

Farman F 221
Derived from the F220, the F221 is equipped with 4 Gnome-Rhone 14 kbrs of 730hp. Those will have problems of cooling that will be solved with new engine hoods. The F221 made its first flight at the end of 1933 and was presented to the technical services in March 34. The aircraft has a healthy behavior and even establishes an altitude record: 6649m with 5T loads. On November 24, 1936, the aircraft was assigned to the 2nd Group of 15 Wing bombardment of Avord, and four F221 were sent to Indochina to equip the Escadrille Mixed n ° 4 of Tong
Farman F 222

Version equipped with four 14kdrs engines and a retractable gear. It is supported by the CEMA on July 6, 1936, and after several tests of engine cowls, it is returned to the manufacturer.

Farman F 222/1
A first serie of 12 F222 is ordered by the Ministry of Air under the name F222-1. These aircraft are equipped with Gnome-Rhône Mistral 14 Kirs / Kjrs engines of 870hp. The first series aircraft were delivered in April 1937 to GB I / 15.
Farman F 222/2
The F222-2, derived from the F222-1, is equipped with a fairly marked dihedron at the end of the wing to reduce the lateral instability identified on the F222-1, and the nose is lengthened by 88cm. From the eighth specimen it receives Gnome-Rhone 14 N11 / N15 engines with improved cooling. The GB II / 15 received the first F222-2 from December 1937.

 


Bibliography

1 ) _ Editions Larivière - Collection "Docavia" N°21
- "Les Avions Farman" of J. Liron"

 


Photos Album

 


Drawing 3 views

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