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FARMAN NC223

 


Technical Specifications
Type
Night Bomber five-seater with top-wings and retractable landing gear
Date first flight
June 12, 1937
Wingspan
33.40 m 
Lenght
21.90 m 
Height
5.05
Wing Area
131.10 m2 
Empty Weight
10535 Kg 
Max. Takeoff Weight
19175 Kg 
Cruising Speed
280 km/h. 
Maximum Speed
350 km/h at 4000m 
Climbing Speed
4000m in 13mn 30s 
Service ceilling
7950 m 
Range
2400 kms with 2500 kg of bombs
Crew
5 Men
Motorization
4 Engine Hispano Suiza 12Y29 à 12 Cylinders inline, water-cooled of 910 Hp in the take-off
Armament
1 machine-gun MAC 34 of 7.5mm in carriage on the nose
1 cannon HS 404 of 20mm in dorsal turret

1 cannon HS 404 of 20mm in ventral turret
4185 Kgs of bombs in bomb bay

 


Production

19 Farman F223 have been built since the date of the first flight on June 12, 1937. They are divided into:

  • 1 Farman F223.1
  • 15 Farman F223.3 Bn5
  • 3 Farman F223.4

To date, out of the 19 aircraft manufactured ,12 are listed in the list below :

 


Historical

The Farman F223 Bn5 was studied in 1936 as a replacement for the Farman F222. However, at the request of the Ministry of Air, the heavy bomber was transformed into a long-haul Transatlantic aircraft, in order to show the French power against foreign competitors on the North or South Atlantic lines. The Farman F223 had a remarkable autonomy by replacing the bombs with additional tanks.

The device, become F223.1, of still former appearance, presented numerous improvements with regard compared with F222. Its fuselage, still rectangular, was much finer and longer than its predecessor. The wings are shorter and tapered and are connected to the fuselage by mats henceforth profiled. It has particularly effective curvature flaps: it can land at 60km / h. It is powered by four Hispano-Suiza 12Xirs / Xjrs of 720hp in tandem in suspended nacelles. The aircraft made its first flight on June 12, 1937. He took part in the race Istres-Damas-Paris on August 20, 1937. Despite his great autonomy which allowed him not to refuel, he was beaten largely by Savoia-Marchetti SM79 : The Farman finished last of the test ... After some attempts of record, it is delivered to Air-France on November 13 with name of baptism: Chief Pilot Laurent GUERRERO. With Paul CODOS as a driver, he will beat many records and will link Paris to Bueno-Aires in less than 53 hours, pulverizing the previous record of 16 hours. It will be equipped, for testing, of a pseudo cabin pressurisée, but without great success.

At the declaration of the War, the F223.1 is remilitarized by the addition of modern radio equipment and a camouflage. On November 9, 1939, it was destroyed on take-off when it was to be used by Naval Aeronautics to track German boats privateers .

A second aircraft was completed at the end of 1937: F223-01. It made its first flight on January 18, 1938. Similar to the F223.1, it is however powered by two Hispano-Suiza 14 Aa 08/09 in star of 1100hp. It receives a defensive armament. During its tests with the CEMA, its star engines are replaced by Hispano 12Y-29 with liquid cooling. The device is numbered NC2233-01.

A market was launched for the delivery of 8 NC2233s and the first series aircraft made its first flight at the end of 1939, but the NC2233 did not arrive in the GBI / 15 until May 1940, due to late delivery Of the HS404 cannons.

The NC2233 was virtually not used in operations and was transferred to North Africa in June 1940. In July, after the Armistice, certain specimens (Nos. 2-8-9-10) were sold to Air France. The other aircraft in AFN will be recovered by the FAFL (French Air Forces Free).

Another version, the Farman 2230 was born of an order from Air France for 3 aircraft for testing at altitude on the North Atlantic. They differ from the F223.1 in particular by the removal of the wing tanks, a more tapered front, enlarged drifts. It was equipped with a pressurized rest cabin, an automatic steering. It is powered by 4 Hispano-Suiza 12 Xirs / Xjrs of 720hp. The No. 1 made its first flight on April 28, 1938. The aircraft were renamed NC2234 when they adopted the new Hispano 12Y 38/39 of 970hp. Thus motorized, he made his first flight on 15 March 1939. The NC2234-01 is christened "Camille Flammarion", the NC2234 No. 2 "Le Verrier" and the NC2234-02 "The Jules Verne"

At the declaration of the war, the NC2234-01 is assigned to Aeronautics, but will not participate in the fight and will finish his career on the ground of Beyrouth in 1941 after a bad landing.

The NC2234 n ° 02 is also dedicated to Naval Aeronautics. The aircraft became "Jules Verne" and was transformed into a bomber from 28 April to 6 May 1940. He took part in bombing missions on Maastricht and the Aachen railway station. For these nocturnal missions, the "jules Verne" is painted in matt black and it will become famous by the bombing of Berlin on 7 June 1940

In August 1940, after the Armistice, the three Farmans were transferred to Marignane to be ceded to air France. Blocked by the commission of Armistice, the "Jules Verne" will be abandoned on the ground and burned in November 1942. The "Verrier" will be shot down by an unknown fighter over the Mediterranean on 27 November 1940: it crashes at sea with all his crew.

 


Versions

F223.1
Born a bomber, it is transformed into Recorder with great autonomy. It is powered by four Hispano-Suiza 12Xirs / Xjrs of 720ch
NC233.3
Similar to the F223.1, it is powered by 4 Radial Engine Hispano-Suiza 14 Aa 08/09 of 1100ch. It receives defensive armament, a 7.5mm machine gun and 2 HS404 20mm guns. After the first tests, it will be re-powered by liquid-cooled Hispano 12Y-29: 10 units will be built.
NC2334
Coming from an order of 3 aircraft by Air France. Recognizable by its tapered front, it is motorized by 4 Hispano-Suiza 12Xrs / Xjrs of 720ch. The wing tanks are removed and equipped with a pressurized cabin. He will eventually receive 4 Hispano 12Y 38/39 of 970ch. The three aircraft will be named: "Camille Flammarion", "Jules Verne" and "Le Verrier".

 


Bibliography

1 ) _ Editions Larivière - Collection "Docavia" N°21
- "Les Avions Farman" of J. Liron

 

2) AIRMAGAZINE n° 21 & 22
- "Le Farman NC223
"

 

 


Photos Album

 


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