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Technical Specifications
Single Fighter with parasol wings and fixed landing gear
Date first flight
October 1932
10.558 m
7.252 m
3.265 m
Wing Area
17.20 m²
Empty Weight
1215 kg
Max. Takeoff Weight
1580 kg
Cruising Speed
Maximum Speed
334 km/h at 3850 m
Climbing Speed
5000 m in10 mn 7 s
Service ceilling
9500 m
700 kms
1 pilot
1 Radial-engine Gnôme & Rhône 9Kdrs of 500 Hp
2 fixed machine-guns Vickers of 7.7 in the fuselage



72 MS 225 were built since the date by the first flight, plus 3 for China.

To date, of the 72 aircrafts manufactured, 22 are listed in the list below :


In 1930, the company Morane-Saulnier presents at the Salon de l'Aéronautique, a new prototype fighter: the MS 224. The aircraft, classic, is very similar to the MS223, although larger than the latter. It is thus a monoplane with parasol wing and fixed landing gear with broad way. As the latest prototypes of the MS223, the landing gear includes two independent wheels, without axle so, damped by a bungee suspension. It is powered by a Gnôme Rhône 9Asb 420h driving a two-bladed propeller. During the first tests, the aircraft receives wheel fairings and an oleo-pneumatic suspension. On the version presented at the show, the engine cylinders protrude from the hood and a cone of large size extends the motor axis. Subsequently, a hood fully enveloping the engine will be tested. At the tests, the aircraft managed to exceed 300 km / h, but it will be destroyed by accident in June 1932.

From this aircraft was derived the MS 225. Powered by a Gnôme Rhône 9Kdrs of 500hp resulting in a two-blade wooden propeller the MS225 adopts an integral hood. The device is of mixed wood construction, and Aluminum partly covered, the cockpit being covered with aluminum sheets having a "corked" effect. The drift and the wing have been enlarged as well as the tank whose capacity goes from 260 to 310 liters. The engine, compressed, allows the aircraft to reach high altitude, which requires the installation of an oxygen device for the pilot. By cons, it still does not have a radio ... The armament consists of two machine guns 7.5mm on the hood. The MS225 made its first flight in October 1932. Meanwhile, after testing with the MS224, the Ministry of Air had ordered a first batch of 50 MS225 aircraft, followed by 5 additional, all production being carried out in workshops of Puteaux. A Chinese warlord also bought 6 aircraft, but only 3 will appear to be, manufactured and delivered.

The MS225 will be assigned in unit from 1933. It is GC I / 7 of Dijon, GC I / 42 of Reims, GC II / 6 of Chartres which will receive the new planes. The goal is to provide the French Air Force with "modern" transitional aircraft until the arrival of the promising Dewoitine D500, and especially MS 406. The MS225 will be gradually removed from the first lines from 1935 to be transferred to the flying schools.

It should be noted that it is Morane MS225 that the acrobatic squadron of Dijon will use to participate in air shows by presenting spectacular figures, including a complete Looping in tight formation of 4 devices!

When the Germans launched the offensive in France on May 10, 1940, 34 MS225 were still present in school but none will survive the conflict.

A naval version will also be studied: the Morane-Saulnier MS226. it has a landing gear and the rear stand is replaced by a tail wheel. Its windshield is reinforced and it logically receives folding wings from the 3rd prototype. Curiously, the MS226 was devoid of compressor, which significantly reduced its performance. From March 1934, the landing tests begin on a track "terrestrial" representative of that of an aircraft carrier. These first tests show weakness of the stick and after strengthening, the test of 3 successive landing is successfully carried out in March 1935. The Naval Aviation does not finally hold the aircraft, preferring the Dewoitine D373 and 16 MS 226 manufactured will be paid in schools before being transferred to the Air Force in 1938.

Based on the MS225, a prototype is made to test and validate the gun engine. Under the designation MS227, it is powered by a Hispano-Suiza 12Xcrs incorporating a 20mm gun placed in the V created by the two rows of cylinders. The engine with a power of 690ch drives a quadripal wooden propeller. The new engine with its gun, heavier, required a strengthening of the motor partition and the cell. In order to compensate for the shift of the center of gravity induced by this overweight, the empennage is enlarged and the wing slightly advanced. The prototype made its first flight in late 1933, and the firing campaign conducted later allowed to validate the engine-gun torque, a concept that will be used in particular on the D500 or MS406.

It seems that an MS228 version has been studied, but there is no information on this aircraft.


Morane MS 224
Original version of the MS225 family. It is powered by a Gnome and Rhône 9Asb 410ch . The model is presented at the Paris Air Show in 1930 and made its first flight in July 1931. Subsequently, it will receive wheel fairings and partial rollovers engine cylinders, it will also be equipped with a pneumatic oleo landing gear to replace the initial model bungee.
Morane MS 225
Version produced in series motorized by a Gnome & Rhône 9Kbrs star 500 HP. It is equipped with a cylindrical and enveloping engine hood. The aircraft made its first flight in October 1932.
Morane MS 226
Version intended for Naval Aviation. The aircraft is equipped with a landing gear, and the tail stand is replaced by a roulette wheel. The engine is not overfed which limits the speed to 275 km / h. The 3rd copy is equipped with folding wings. The MS 226 passes the test of "3 successive landings" on Béarn, but it will not be retained by the Navy. The 3 aircrafts built will be used for training.
Morane MS 227
Unique prototype that served as validation support for the Hispano 12Xcrs "Gun Engine". The fuselage is reinforced and the wing advanced. He receives a quadripal propeller. He will make his first flight late 1933.
Morane MS 228
Unknown version



1 ) _ Editions LELA PRESSE ; Avions No75 - 76 - 77 - 78 - 79
- Le Morane Saiulnier MS 225 C1


2 ) _ Editions LELA PRESSE ; Collection Histoire de l'Aviation
- No30 : Morane Saulnier Ses Avions, ses projets


Photos Album

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