Site in French

CAUDRON "Luciole"


Technical Specifications
Two-seater biplane in wood with fixed landing gear
Date first flight
9,90 m 
7,79 m 
2,70 m 
Wing Area
24 m2 
Empty Weight
450 Kg 
Max. Takeoff Weight
580 Kg 
Cruising Speed
145 km/h. 
Maximum Speed
160 km/h at2000m 
Climbing Speed
Service ceilling
2 Men
1 Engine Renault 4 PGI of 80 Hp
No Armament



433 Caudron Luciole C.275 have been built since the date of the first flight in 1936.

To date, of the 433 aircrafts manufactured, 2 are listed in the list below :



In 1930, Paul Deville, design engineer at Caudron, designed the C270 "Luciole". This nickname "Luciole" pays tribute to the mare parents Caudron who pulled the first planes of the two brothers on the family farm.

The device is a conventional manufacturing biplane: its fuselage and wings, of equal size, are made of covered wood. The latter are also foldable along the fuselage. The Luciole has a fixed train and a crutch. Of simple construction, it does not have shutters or compensators and does not have brakes. The pilot, who has a minimalist instrumentation, and his passenger take place in two separate cockpits in tandem. The crew has a luggage compartment behind the engine bulkhead and a toolbox. The aircraft, powered by a Salmson star 95hp can not claim to perform aerobatics, but it is an excellent start aircraft, demanding, but stabl and robust.

The success will come immediately, and the Caudron Luciole will win in 1936, the contest organized by the Ministry of Air for the supply of a simple and economic device able to train the pilots in the French Aero-Clubs. The purpose of this program is to promote the training of civilian pilots, able if necessary, to quickly join the ranks of the Air Force. 296 devices were purchased for this. At that time, the Luciole was sold 46,500 Frs and 4 months were needed for its manufacture.

Some copies were used on both sides during the Spanish Civil War

The manufacture of the device will cease with the outbreak of World War II: 720 "Luciole", all versions, will be produced, the largest being the C.275 with a production of 433 exemplaires. The aircraft will not take part in the conflict directly, to note, however, the two Caudron Luciole who, taking off from the aircraft carrier Ark-Royal, will prepare the arrival of General de Gaulle during the capture of Dakar by the free French in 1940. After the Liberation, in 1945, the Fireflies will be used as liaison devices or as target tugs at the Air School at Salon-de-Provence and will also continue to be used in the Aero-clubs before be removed faults from spare parts. Today, there are still a dozen surviving aircrafts, including one belonging to the magnificent collection of Jean-Baptiste Salis, on the grounds of La Ferte Alais.


Caudron C.270
First version of series powered by a Salmson 7Ac Star 95ch.
Caudron C.270/1
Version motorized by a Salmson 7Ac2 star 105hp.
Caudron C.271
Version powered by a Lorraine 5Pc 121h line driving a metal propeller Ratier
Caudron C.271/2
Version powered by a Lorraine 5Pb 111hp.
Caudron C.272
Version powered by a Renault 4Pb of 95hp.
Caudron C.272/2
Motorized version by a Renault 4Pci. The drawing of the empennage and the drift is modified, larger and of more pointed form, Shape which will be adapted on all following Lucioles.
Caudron C.272/3
Version powered by a 121hp Renault 4Pdi and equipped with Messier brakes on the wheels.
Caudron C.272/4
Version powered by a Renault 4Pei 4 cylinders in line of 140 hp and equipped with Messier brakes on the wheels.
Caudron C.272/5
Version powered by a Renault 4Pgi 102hp.
Caudron C.273
Version powered by a Michel 4A-14 102h driving a Merville propeller.
Caudron C.274
Motorized version with a 137h Chair 4Ba. It will be presented at the Paris Air Show in 1932.
Caudron C.275
Derived version of Caudron C.272 / 5, but without folding wings.
Caudron C.276
Version powered by a De Havilland Gipsy III 106hp and equipped with Charles brakes
Caudron C.276H
Derived version of C.276, powered by a Hirth HM 504 A-2 in-line air-cooled 105hp.
Caudron C.277
Derived version of Caudron C.272 / 4, but without folding wings.
Caudron C.277R
Derived version of Caudron C.275 powered by a Renault 4Po3 in air-cooled 140hp. It will be produced after the Liberation in 1949.
Caudron C.278
Version powered by a Salmson 9Nc 137ch and equipped with a new landing gear. He competed in the 1932 Challenge with the K4 race number.


1 ) _ Collection Histoire de l'Aviation
- No12 : "Les Avions Caudron" Tome 1

2 ) _ Editions DOCAVIA
- No 43 : "Les Avions CAUDRON RENAULT"


Photos Album


Drawing 3 views