Reconnaissance Group GR I/52
1st Squadron
2nd Squadron


Historical

On the date of the outbreak of the German attack of May 10, 1940, the GR I / 52 is attached to the 3rd Air Division of the "Air Forces Reserves" of the ZOAE (East Air Operations Area).

The GR I / 52 is first dissolved after the Armistice, before being reformed in September 1940. It is one of three Recognition Groups equipped with Potez 63-11 to be based overseas

 


Staff

Commanders of the group GR I/52
Captain POINSOT
Captain MASSIE Roger
Lieutenant-Colonel DE-VITROLLES
Commander FAYE
May 7, 1940
Commander MARTRE Marcel
May 8, 1940
Commander of the 1st Squadron
Lieutenant BERTAUX
June 2, 1940
Lieutenant LAYEC Gilbert
June 3, 1940
Commander of the 2nd Squadron
Lieutenant GUILLOCHON
Lieutenant FOURQUET Michel

 


Pilots

Pilots and crew of the Group
Names of crew members
Rank
Function
Sqn.
Informations
BARBIER Léo
Adjutant
Pilot
On March 24th, 1940, the Potez 637 No.36 is shot down during a fight opposing it to 4 Me109. The plane crashes to the ground. Adjutant BARBIER is injured
BERTAUX Maurice
Captain
Pilot
EM 1st Sqn.
On June 2, 1940, during a test flight, Bloch MB 174 No.29 went into a spin and crashed to the ground. The crew was killed.
BIOUSSE Henri
Staff-Sergeant
Pilot
 
BLANCHOT Hubert
Staff-Sergeant
Mécanicien
1st Sqn.
On June 2, 1940, during a test flight, Bloch MB 174 No.29 went into a spin and crashed to the ground. The crew was killed.
BOULAY
Staff-Sergeant
Machine-Gunner
May 7, 1940, Bloch MB174 No.40 crashes shortly after takeoff. The aircraft is destroyed, but the crew is unscathed.
BRABANT Roger
Lieutenant
Observer
May 13, 1940, Bloch MB174 No.11 is shot down by 3 Me109. The crew is killed.
BRARD Raymond
Adjutant
Pilot
On September 26, 1939, the Potez 637 No.46 is shot down by German fighters and the Flak. Adjutant BRARD wounded, parachute but is taken prisoner,
BRUGEROLLES Elie
Sub-Lieutenant
Observer
On March 24th, 1940, the Potez 637 No.36 is shot down during a fight opposing it to 4 Me109. The plane crashes to the ground. Sub-Lieutenant BRUGEROLLES is killed.
BRUNERIE Roger
Sub-Lieutenant
Observer
On May 25, 1940, returning from a night mission, the Potez 637 No.35 crashes on landing. Sub-Lieutenant BRUNERIE, injured, is the only survivor.
BUTZ Paul
Staff-Sergeant
Machine-Gunner
On May 25, 1940, returning from a night mission, the Potez 637 No.35 crashes on landing. Staff Sergeant BUTZ is killed.
CAMPMAS
Master-Corporal
Machine-Gunner
 
CANONNE
Sergeant
Pilot
On September 6, 1939, returning from a night mission in bad weather, the Potez 637 No.47 must land in the campaign on the belly and is destroyed.The crew is unscathed.
CARLIER
Lieutenant
Observer
CHAMPEAUX Eugène
Sub-Lieutenant
Pilot
 
CUGNOT Georges
Staff-Sergeant
Pilot
 
DENAIN Jacques
Adjutant
Pilot
- May 7, 1940, Bloch MB174 No.40 crashes shortly after takeoff. The aircraft is destroyed, but the crew is unscathed.
- May 13, 1940, Bloch MB174 No.11 is shot down by 3 Me109. The crew is killed.
DENAIN Jean
Staff-Sergeant
Pilot
On May 25, 1940, returning from a night mission, the Potez 637 No.35 crashes on landing. Staff Sergeant DENAIN is killed.
DE-VITROLLES René
Lieutenant-Colonel
Observer
Staff Group
On March 16, 1940, the Potez 637 is hit by the flak during a low-altitude mission. The Pilot being wounded, it is the Lieutenant-Colonel DE-VITROLLES who thanks to the double-orders, succeeds to return and to land without encumbrance on his ground.
DU TERTRE
Lieutenant
Observer
On September 6, 1939, returning from a night mission in bad weather, the Potez 637 No.47 must land in the campaign on the belly and is destroyed.The crew is unscathed.
DUMAS Serge
Sergeant
Machine-Gunner
On March 24th, 1940, the Potez 637 No.36 is shot down during a fight opposing it to 4 Me109. The plane crashes to the ground Sergeant DUMAS badly wounded, will die soon after.
FAYE
Commander
Observer
Staff Group
May 7, 1940, Bloch MB174 No.40 crashes shortly after takeoff. The aircraft is destroyed, but the crew is unharmed, Commander FAYE being slightly injured.
FEVRIER Jules
Sub-Lieutenant
Pilot
On April 20, 1940, his aircraft, the Bloch MB174 No.31 is shot down by German Fighters. The crew is killed
FOURQUET Michel
Lieutenant
Pilot
EM 2nd Sqn.
FULCRAND Jean
Lieutenant
Observer
- Le 19 Mai 1940, le Bloch MB174 n° 8 est abattu par la chasse Allemande et s'écrase au sol.L'équipage est tué.
GRAND Marie
Staff-Sergeant
Pilot
- Le 19 Mai 1940, le Bloch MB174 n° 8 est abattu par la chasse Allemande et s'écrase au sol.L'équipage est tué.
GUILLOCHON
Lieutenant
EM 2nd Sqn.
GUYOT
Chief-Warrant-Officer
Pilot
 
HEILTZ Erwing
Sergeant
Machine-Gunner
On September 26, 1939, the Potez 637 No.46 is shot down by German Fighters and the Flak. Sergeant HEILTZ is killed at his machine-gunner position by the Me109.
HUBIN Lucien
Staff-Sergeant
Machine-Gunner
1st Sqn.
On June 2, 1940, during a test flight, Bloch MB 174 No.29 went into a spin and crashed to the ground. The crew was killed.
HURTEVENT
Chief-Warrant-Officer
Observer
 
LABOURDETTE Alexis
Adjutant
Machine-Gunner
May 13, 1940, Bloch MB174 No.11 is shot down by 3 Me109. The crew is killed.
LAGARDE René
Chief Warrant Officer
Observer
On September 26, 1939, the Potez 637 No.46 is shot down by German Fighters and the Flak. Chief Warrant Officer LAGARDE parachutes, but too low and kills himself when he gets to the ground.
LANEUZE Pierre
Sub-Lieutenant
Observer
On April 20, 1940, his aircraft, the Bloch MB174 No.31 is shot down by German Fighters. The crew is killed
LAYEC Gilbert
Lieutenant
Pilot
EM 1st Sqn.
- On March 16, 1940, the Potez 637 is hit by the flak during a low-altitude mission. The Lieutenant LAYEC being wounded, it is the Observer who thanks to the double-commands, succeeds to return and to land without encumbrance on his ground.
- June 15, 1940, his camera, a Bloch MB 174 is damaged by the Flak, but he manages to bring it back to the ground. Lieutenant LAYEC is unharmed.
LE-SAOULT Henri
Adjutant
Pilot
- On October 3, 1939, Potez 637 No.39 was badly damaged by the Flak during a low-altitude mission. The Pilot managed to join the French lines, but crashed on landing. The crew is unscathed.
- December 21, 1939, the Potez 637 No.41 is shot down by German Fighters and crushes on the ground. The crew is killed
MARTRE Marcel
Commander
Observer
Staff Group
June 15, 1940, his camera, a Bloch MB 174 is damaged by the Flak, but he manages to bring it back to the ground. Captain MARTRE is injured
MASSIE Roger
Captain
Observer
Staff Group
MELOT jean
Sergeant
Machine-Gunner
- On September 6, 1939, returning from a night mission in bad weather, the Potez 637 No.47 must land in the campaign on the belly and is destroyed.The crew is unscathed.
- On October 3, 1939, Potez 637 No.39 was badly damaged by the Flak during a low-altitude mission. The Pilot managed to join the French lines, but crashed on landing. The crew is unscathed
- On December 21, 1939, Potez 637 No.41 was shot down by German fighters and crashed to the ground. The crew is killed
MOUGEL Paulin
Chief Warrant Officer
Machine-Gunner
- Injured during an air fight on September 9, 1939
- On April 20, 1940, his aircraft, the Bloch MB174 No.31 is shot down by German Fighters. The crew is killed
POINSOT
Captain
Staff Group
RAGUANT
Staff-Sergeant
Machine-Gunner
On March 16, 1940, the Potez 637 is hit by the flak during a low-altitude mission. The Pilot being injured, it is the Observer who thanks to the double-controls, manages to return and land safely on his ground. Staff-Sergeant RAGUANT is unharmed.
ROZES Paul
Lieutenant
Pilot
 
VERON Adrien
Chief Warrant Officer
Observer
- On October 3, 1939, Potez 637 No.39 was badly damaged by the Flak during a low-altitude mission. The Pilot managed to join the French lines, but crashed on landing. The crew is unscathed
- December 21, 1939, the Potez 637 No.41 is shot down by the hunt and crushes on the ground. The crew is killed
ZINCK Emile
Staff-Sergeant
Machine-Gunner
May 19, 1940, the Bloch MB174 No.8 is shot down by German Fighters and crushes on the ground. The crew is killed.

 

 

Stories of crews

Crews of Group
Names of crew members
Rank
Function
Informations
Crew
BERTAUX
Lieutenant
Pilot
Potez 637 n°45
CARLIER
Lieutenant
Observer
Crew
CANONNE
Sergeant
Pilot
Potez 637 n°47 :Aircraft accident, placed on the stomach on September 6, 1939
DU TERTRE
Lieutenant
Observer
MELOT
Sergeant
Machine-Gunner
Crew
BRARD
Adjutant
Pilot
Potez 637 n°46 : Destroyed in air combat on September 26, 1939. Chief Warrant Officer LAGARDE and Sergeant HEILTZ are killed. Adjutant BRARD wounded is taken prisoner
LAGARDE René
Chief Warrant Officer
Observer
HEILTZ Erwing
Sergeant
Machine-Gunner
Crew
LE-SAOULT Henri
Adjutant
Pilot

Potez 637 n° 39 : Destroyed by the Flak on October 3, 1939. The crew is unscathed

VERON Adrien
Chief Warrant Officer
Observer
MELOT jean
Sergeant
Machine-Gunner
Crew
LE-SAOULT Henri
Adjutant
Pilot

Potez 637 n° 41 : Shot down by German Fighters December 21, 1939. The crew is killed

VERON Adrien
Chief Warrant Officer
Observer
MELOT jean
Sergeant
Machine-Gunner
Crew
LAYEC
Lieutenant
Pilot
Potez 637 n° ? : Damaged March 16, 1940. The wounded Pilot, it is the Lieutenant-Colonel DE-VITROLLES who manages to bring back the Aircraft thanks to the double-command
DE-VITROLLES René
Lieutenant-Colonel
Observer
RAGUANT
Staff-Sergeant
Machine-Gunner
Crew
BARBIER
Adjutant
Pilot
Potez 637 n° 36 : Shot down by BF109E on March 24, 1940. Sergeant DUMAS and Sub-Lieutenant BRUGEROLLES are killed. Adjutant BARBIER is injured
BRUGEROLLES Elie
Sub-Lieutenant
Observer
DUMAS Serge
Sergeant
Machine-Gunner
Crew
FEVRIER Jules
Sub-Lieutenant
Pilot
Bloch MB174 n° 31 : Shot down in aerial combat by a BF109E patrol on April 20, 1940. Crew killed
LANEUZE Pierre
Sub-Lieutenant
Observer
MOUGEL Paulin
Chief Warrant Officer
Machine-Gunner
Crew
DENAIN
Adjutant
Pilot
Bloch MB174 n° 40 :Destroyed by accident at take off on May 7, 1940. The crew is unharmed, except Commander FAYE who is slightly injured
FAYE
Commander
Observer
BOULAY
Staff-Sergeant
Machine-Gunner
Crew
DENAIN Jacques
Adjutant
Pilot
Bloch MB174 n° 11 : Shot down in air combat on May 13, 1940. The crew is killed.
BRABANT Roger
Lieutenant
Observer
LABOURDETTE Alexis
Adjutant
Machine-Gunner
Crew
GRAND Marie
Staff-Sergeant
Pilot
Bloch MB174 n° 8 : Shot down in air combat on May 19, 1940. The crew is killed.
FULCRAND Jean
Lieutenant
Observer
ZINCK Emile
Staff-Sergeant
Machine-Gunner
Crew
DENAIN Jean
Staff-Sergeant
Pilot
Potez 637 n° 35 : Crashes when landing on May 25, 1940, returning from a night flight. Staff-Sergeants DENAIN and BUTZ are killed. The Sub-Lieutenant BRUNERIE is injured.
BRUNERIE
Sub-Lieutenant
Observer
BUTZ Paul
Staff-Sergeant
Machine-Gunner
Crew
BERTAUX Maurice
Captain
Pilot
Bloch MB 174 n° 29 : Destroyed by accident on June 2, 1940. The crew is killed.
BLANCHOT Hubert
Staff-Sergeant
Mechanic
HUBIN Lucien
Staff-Sergeant
Machine-Gunner
Crew
LAYEC
Lieutenant
Pilot
Bloch MB 174 n° ? : Damaged by Flak on June 15, 1940. Captain MARTRE is injured
MARTRE
Captain
Observer

 


Airfield

Names of airfields
Period of use of airfields
Azelot
August 28, 1939
Chaumont Semoutiers
August 31, 1939
Auzainvilliers
September 17, 1939
Saint-Dizier
April 2, 1940
Feurs
May 11, 1940
Châtillon-Sur-Seine
June 11, 1940
Bourges
June 13, 1940
Limoges / Bergerac
June 16, 1940
Lézignan
June 19, 1940
Perpignan / Alger
June 20, 1940
Oran
June 22, 1940
Oulad-Okba
June 23, 1940

 


Aircrafts

The GR I/52 was equipped since its creation, following aircrafts :

The used aircrafts are described in the accessible file by the link below. You will find N ° of series, Registration, date of affectation to the group, and fate of the plane there.

In this list are identified :

  • 8 Potez 637
  • 2 Potez 63-11
  • 7 Bloch MB174

Casualties

Crewmen killed
21
Chief Warrant Officer LAGARDE (Combat)
September 26, 1939
Sergeant HEILTZ (Combat)
September 26, 1939
Chief Warrant Officer VERON (Combat)
December 21, 1939
Adjutant LE SAOULT (Combat)
December 21, 1939
Staff-Sergeant MELOT (Combat)
December 21, 1939
Sub-Lieutenant BRUGEROLLES (Combat)
March 24, 1940
Sergeant DUMAS (Combat)
March 24, 1940
Sub-Lieutenant LANEUZE (Combat)
April 20, 1940
Sub-Lieutenant FEVRIER (Combat)
April 20, 1940
Chief Warrant Officer MOUGEL (Combat)
April 20, 1940
Lieutenant BRABANT (Combat)
May 13, 1940
Adjutant DENAIN (Combat)
May 13, 1940
Adjutant LABOURDETTE (Combat)
May 13, 1940
Lieutenant FULCRAND (Combat)
May 19, 1940
Staff-Sergeant GRAND (Combat)
May 19, 1940
Staff-Sergeant ZINCK (Combat)
May 19, 1940
Staff-Sergeant DENAIN (Accident)
May 25, 1940
Staff-Sergeant BUTZ (Accident)
May 25, 1940
Captain BERTAUX (Accident)
June 2, 1940
Staff-Sergeant HUBIN (Accident)
June 2, 1940
Staff-Sergeant BLANCHOT (Accident)
June 2, 1940
Crewmen injured
7
Adjutant MOUGEL (Combat)
September 9, 1939
Adjutant BRARD (Combat)
September 26, 1939
Lieutenant LAYEC (Combat)
March 16, 1940
Adjutant BARBIER (Combat)
March 24, 1940
Commander FAYE (Accident)
May 7, 1940
Sub-Lieutenant BRUNERIE (Accident)
May 25, 1940
Captain MARTRE (Combat)
June 15, 1940
Crewmen prisoners
1
Adjutant BRARD
26 septembre 1939

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