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The situation of the Piloting Schools in September 1939 is worrying. The schools are not enough and are not able to train the pilots and crews necessary for the Air Force in full restructuring. There is not really any suitable equipment, and the appliances used are often old appliances repaid by the active units.

The organization of piloting schools was profoundly modified at the outset of the conflict, with the creation of 30 EEPs (Elementary Schools of Piloting) and 8 EAPs (Auxiliary Schools of Piloting) grouped under two EPPs (Principal Piloting School). To this were added some schools near Istres.

The journey of an apprentice pilot is complicated : the student first enters the EEP in order to acquire the basics of piloting before joining an EAP and finally an EPP by specialty (Etampes for the Fighter aviation and Avord for Bombardment and Reconnaissance). He must then join a specialized Training Center: CIC for fighter aviation, CIB for bombing or CIR for reconnaissance. This training should not exceed four months, but in the face of the shortage of resources, the delays are much longer and the schools are unable to supply the fighting units.

The types of aircraft used is therefore very heterogeneous. Thus, in the different schools, civilian machines of all types can be found in old-fashioned military Aircrafts, and the maintenance of these old machines so diverse is a real headache for the technical teams. The future pilots will be trained on aircraft requisitioned in aeroclubs such as Salmson D6 Cri-Cri , Farman moustique, Caudron Luciole , Phalène or Simoun , Mauboussin 123,... or on old military machines : Dewoitine D500 , Nieuport-Delage Nid62 , Loiré 46 , Morane-Saulnier MS230 MS315 for fighter aviation and Amiot 143 , LéO 20 orBloch MB210 for the Bombardment. These machines, too far removed from the most modern equipment in service, will imperfectly train the personnel.

More modern machines, however, too few are available, coming from the French industry, or ordered abroad. These include Caproni Ca164 and Nardi FN305 italian, NAA57 and 64 Americans and Caudron C690 French. These will be joined, too slowly, by the first modern Fighters aircrafts Curtiss H75 or Bloch MB152 , and Bombers Potez 560 orHanriot H232 , both specifically built for training.







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